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NOTHE FORT AND BEYOND…

Ever wondered what life was really like for those who lived in a Victorian fort or barracks? Or for those townsfolk who lived side by side with soldiers and their families.

When Andromeda and the Naval Fleet went Walkabouts from Weymouth. August 1899.

In my research I often come across some fascinating snippets about various visiting army and naval men in and around Weymouth and Portland.

Such was the case in August of 1899 which was heavily reported in the media.

 The assembling of the British naval Fleets had a deadly serious side to it. At the start of August “A” Fleet and “B” Fleet began a full on game of cat and mouse with each other in and around our seas and coasts.

“Nothing is stranger in the conditions of naval war-as to which this particular respect reality and sham differ not at all-than the suddenness with which crises arise. So rapid are the movements of modern warships that at one moment a vessel may appear to have the ocean to herself, and few minutes later she may be in the midst of the tumult of conflict or of chase.” (Southern Times and Dorset County Herald Sat 26th August) 

Vital practise in naval warfare, essential for ships crews and commanders. Even more so because this was at a time when many of our troops and ships were gearing up ready to head out for South Africa and the Boer War.

Very much like a child’s elaborate game of tag, once a vessel had been hunted down, (often by using any methods available including asking passing vessels of possible sightings) it was spotted, chased and caught, it then

“displaying a hideous sight-the sign of capture, the Blue Peter, at her masthead[…]smitten into silence by the rule that a captured ship should give no information to her friends.”

Over the next few days naval vessels steamed to and fro, criss-crossing the waters searching for their foe. Once they had finished their deadly game of ‘war at sea’ and a

“signal was made that hostilities were at an end[…] the battleships, with what remained together of the cruisers’ squadron, proceeded in company to Portland.”

This heralded a very busy time for Weymouth and Portland, for the arrival of the Fleet brought in visitors by the thousands and day trippers arrived on any floating vessels available to have guided tours around the naval ships. The bay would be awash with boats large and small. On land the resident military musicians were called upon to play in Alexandra gardens and along the esplanade. Theatres brought in the stars of the day to entertain the more elite tourists.

The Victorian Kursaal in Weymouth's Alexandra gardens.
The Victorian Kursaal in Weymouth’s Alexandra gardens.

But in 1899, out on the waters, unfortunately all had not quite go according to battle plans for the British Navy’s new super-cruiser Andromeda.

HMS Andromeda 1905.

LONDON EVENING STANDARD 8th August 1899

“THE VALUE OF CRUISERS

(FROM OUR SPECIAL CORRESPONDENT)

ON BOARD H.M.S. DIADEM; Portland, Monday night .

Admiral Rawson has now the whole of his cruiser squadron re-assemble, with the exception of the Naiad, Retribution and Minerva, which are still missing. The Andromeda arrived this morning with the Arethusa, Cambrian, Terpsichore, and Thames.

the officers of HMS Andromeda 1899

There is a report that an erroneous order was signalled to her from the Flagship on Thursday last to proceed with the four other vessels just named to “Blacksod Head.” This place being unknown, the Andromeda, it is said, concluded that Blacksod Bay must be intended, (which is off the coast of Ireland) and accordingly went thither with the flock which she shepherded, the result being that during the last and, in some respects, the most stirring parts of the manoeuvres, the “A” Fleet lost the services of one first-class and four second-class cruisers.

SHIPS CREW OF HMS Andromeda 1899

When the Diadem arrived here yesterday morning she had been entirely cut off from all communications with the world in general for more than a week, and to the deep chagrin of every one in the Fleet, the mails sent to Bangor had not been forwarded, and no news of the past movements of “B” Fleet could be obtained until it became possible in the course of the afternoon to penetrate to Weymouth and look up the newspapers of the previous seven days. The position of the “B’s” convoy in latitude 51.40N and longitude 19.25, three hundred and fifty miles west of Bantry Bay, was outside the scope of the “A” Fleet operations, although it is rumoured that, during the consequent passage of the convoy to Milford Haven, the Retribution was at one moment within ten miles of it.”

It seems somewhat incredible to me that they had to resort to looking in the local rag to find where their missing Fleet had disappeared to, but in those days the arrival and departure of naval vessels and troops were reported almost daily in the papers.

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Alongside the media article about the Fleet that went walkabouts, for those of the more technical and naval persuasion I have also added some images onboard HMS Andromeda from the same year, including a bit of background info about her crew and their ships workings.  (The Navy and Army Illustrated November 1899), by which time the elusive vessels had presumably safely reunited with the rest of their Fleet.

ON BOARD THE “ANDROMEDA”

The “Andromeda” is one of four sister vessels, first-class cruisers of large size, and is practically brand new, having made her debut at sea during the Naval Manoeuvres this year as a temporarily commissioned ship.

contemporary deck plan and port elevation of Diadem-class cruiser.

She is of 11,000 tons displacement, with a speed of 20.5 knots and is capable of steaming 10,000 miles at about 12 knots speed. Like all recent vessels, she is fitted with water-turbo boilers, an absolute necessity nowadays in order to compete with ships of other nations in rapidly getting up steam.

This class of boilers, as our readers are doubtless aware, has been unfairly criticised in some quarters; but experience shows that the chief difficulty lies in the particular method of firing, and when once our stokers become used to this, all will no doubt go well.

The “Andromeda” carries sixteen 6-in., twelve 12-pounder, and four 3-pounder quick firing guns, two boat or field guns, and eight machine guns. Twelve of the 6-in guns are in casemates, or little armoured compartments, in which the solitary gun with its crew is isolated, having an ammunition hoist to itself. there is a little peephole not bigger than the bottom of a tumbler, through which the guns crew can be interviewed, and a voice-tube from the conning-tower. this fine vessel was commissioned by Captain John L Burr, and relieved the “Hawke” in the Mediterranean.  Captain Burr has seen a considerable amount of service; asa lieutenant he was in the Ashanti Expedition of 1873-74, being twice mentioned in despatches, and subsequently repeatedly received the thanks of the Foreign Office and local authorities for important services performed on the Coast of Africa; he has since been made C.M.G for services while in command of the “Intrepid.”

The pictures of the ship’s company presents the usual diversity of tastes as to the best position in which to be photographed, some of the men being, as the carpenter in “Peter Simple” said of the main yard, “precarious, and not at all permanent,” while  a few of the funny men utilise the life-buoys as frames for their bemusing countenances.

The picture of the ammunition hoist for the 6-in guns is interesting, as the supply of these to the guns is of such immense importance, and there are not wanting those who condemn the existing arrangements as inadequate.

raising ammunition for the guns on HMS Andromeda 1899; CannasueEach casemate gun, as has been stated, has its separate hoist; the remaining four guns, two at either end of the ship, have a hoist to each pair, or, more properly speaking, a double hoist working in the same aperture, a necessary arrangement. now it may very well happen that ten out of these sixteen guns will be in action at one time; as they should, with smokeless powder, be able to get off at least three effective rounds per minute to keep them going, and this means the raising of 3,000lb weight of shell and 400lb of cordite an average height of 25-ft in one minute, or rather in each minute while in action.

The smaller quick-firers and machine guns require a proportionate amount of labour, and it is held by some theorists that this is too much to be done by hand, and that electro-motors or other power should be supplied.

The magazines of the “Andromeda” and her sisters are very well arranged, a roomy passage running right round the ship below the armour deck, with hoists at all necessary points, and an “exchange” of voice-tubes by each magazine for the conveyance of orders.

Probably a slight structural alteration would afford ample space for the accommodation of machinery, electrical or otherwise, for working the hoists, at least for the 6-in guns; with larger guns it becomes a necessity, and many Naval men are of opinion that these ships should carry some 9.2-in.guns.

The hospital or sick bay, as it is called presents a pleasing appearance of comfort. Bad cases are placed in the neat hanging cots, while others bring in their own hammocks and hang them up. 

sick bay On board HMS Andromeda 1899;

There are of course, a fair number of out-patients, who attend the doctor once or twice a day for cuts or bruises received on deck; some of these appear to be awaiting the arrival of the doctor in our illustration.

The blacksmith and his mates have often important work to perform. Many of them exceedingly good workmen, and will turn out anything from an iron anchor to a tiny hook for some fancy tackle, or an ornamental “fixing” of some kind to delight the eye of the commanding officer; but they must not make ugly marks on the deck with bits of hot iron, or the C.O. will speedily let them know that his eye is not at all delighted; hence the protective mats, etc., so carefully laid down.

Blacksmiths working on HMS Andromeda 1899 3Taking the men in our picture as representative types, it will be inferred that Naval blacksmiths are not unworthy of comparison with the hero of the village smithy in Longfellow’s poem-they certainly look like “mighty men.”

The last illustration shows the forecastle of the ship as seen between the two 6-in guns-the “bow-chasers.” The men are at their guns, in the act of loading, and the breech mechanism of the nearer gun is very distinctly seen. The “intercepted screw,” described in detail in some of our former numbers, will be noticed; and the necessary rotation, through one-sixth of a turn, is imparted by a pretty piece of mechanism, in the same motion as pulling out or pushing in the breech-piece.

loading the bow chaser guns on HMS Andromeda 1899. jpgThe long oval aperture in rear of the guns is where the double ammunition hoist comes up to supply the pair; the “whips” may be seen leading down from the small iron davits. the guns, as will be noticed, are only protected by bullet-proof shields and quite unprotected in rear; so that one well-directed shot from a gun of equal, or even smaller, caliber would be sure to put them out of action, at least for a time. An ingenious arrangement permits each gun to be trained at an angle pointing over the other bow, partly across its companion, and also to a considerable angle the other way, which is extremely advantageous; but to avoid accidents there is  a “stop” which brings them up automatically when the limit of safety is reached. All danger of mishap is thus averted. To give reality to the exercise a wounded man is being hastily carried off on a stretcher.”

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If you love a bit of Victorian naval or military history (and lots of local gossip) then why not check out Nothe Fort and Beyond; In Defence of Weymouth and Portland.

Available from the Nothe Fort Museum book shop and Weymouth Museum bookshop, or online at Amazon at https://www.amazon.co.uk/Nothe-Fort-Beyond-Weymouth-Portland/dp/1977592686

Nothe Fort and Beyond in Defence of Weymouth and Portland; 19th century History of the British army.
Nothe Fort and Beyond in Defence of Weymouth and Portland; History of the British army.
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Weymouth’s Little Known Roles in WWI

As time passes so memories fade.

As time passes tales of Weymouth’s involvement in the build up to and part played in WWI get forgotten.

Weymouth and Portland once had a large military and naval force based in this area. Men were stationed at the Nothe Fort and Red Barracks and of course not forgetting Portland Roads was a busy naval base.

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What follows are just a few extracts from the manuscript of my second book Nothe Fort and Way Beyond, ones that hopefully give a flavour of what part we played in these events.

Weymouth’s role in the build up was fairly extensive so I’ve decided to serialise them because I think it’s so important we don’t forget our heritage.

1913; The  Build Up to WWI

The start of July saw the arrival in Weymouth of some of the high-ranking men from naval powers. Amongst them was Winston Churchill, British Lord of the Admiralty, who was meeting his continental counterpart, M. Boudin, the French minister of Marine.

LH/IL/CL/12/082

(Image courtesy Weymouth Museum)

They were there to witness the British naval fleet in action, this was a tightening of the bonds between allied countries, an inkling of the future. Once again Weymouth bore witness to the impressive might of the British naval powers as the various sea going vessels were put through their paces out in the bay. Churchill and Boudin watching on, no doubt whilst discussing the fragile state of European alliances, and the brutal nature of things to come.

ship 1

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August arrived, and that year’s Territorial camp had an air of urgency and seriousness about it. What for many men had started out as a bit of excitement, a jolly jape, and a chance to get away for a few days from their humdrum lives was suddenly for real.

Those men could only have been all too aware that very soon they could be using all these newly learnt skills out in the field, and under very different and difficult circumstances.

The men of the Dorset Fortress RE (T) and the Dorset RGA (T) combined camps as usual, taking over most of the ground atop the Nothe peninsula.

Dorset year book 1923

The RE had soon set up a wireless station on top of the hill, with a connection down to the town. They spent a great deal of their time working inside the fort practicing and honing their newly acquired skills. 

The volunteer artillerymen spent their time working on their gun drill in the Nothe fort and out on the breakwater forts. They were also given instruction in the new machine gunnery.

1st Dorset Volunteer Artillery en route to The Nothe-1

I wonder what was going through their minds?

Did they stop and think about the fact that within months their weapons would be aimed at another human being, even more so, that another human would be aiming their own guns in their direction.

But of course, where ever the military were based, they were more than willing to provided entertainment for the town.

low res RE (T) Nothe

The Dorset Fortress RE (T) military band (pictured above) had arranged to perform in the Nothe grounds at the weekend. Crowds flocked to the gardens to enjoy their rousing renditions, probably looking at these men and young boys through fresh eyes, wondering if should we be dragged into war, these soldiers would be defending our very shores.

Many would end up going overseas and fighting for King and country, some never to return.

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Right behind them came the camp of the Ambulance Brigade, those men whose job it was to take care of the sick, wounded, dying and dead, when and if war should break out.

With them arrived a transport party including their 25 horses. Their aim was to teach techniques of fieldwork, stretcher work, loading ambulances, preparing hospital tents to be used in the field and methods of sterilising operating equipment under less than sanitary and safe conditions.

As a sign of  changing times, part of their lectures consisted of learning the new rules of the 1906 Geneva Convention, or to title it correctly, The Geneva Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of Wounded, Sick and Shipwrecked Members of Armed Forces at Sea. An important agreement drawn up between major nations, one which set out the strict terms for the treatment and protection of those persons not taking part in the hostilities, either civilians or injured soldiers and sailors.

There was even coverage of the treatment and care of the horses delivered by the accompanying Army Veterinary Corps, horses still being one of the main mode of transportation out in the battlefield at that time, as anyone who watched the poignant film War Horse will be aware.

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The next to arrive on our doorstep in the build up to the start of hostilities, in September,  the Russian Fleet, consisting of 5 battleships, 3 cruisers, and 4 destroyers sailed into Portland Roads. A further signal to those observing the increased amount of naval and military traffic in the area, as if any were needed, that Britain was busy girding her loins. Such blatant shows of the entent cordial, and the continued necessary cementing of alliances for dark days ahead.

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During 1913, all of this history in the making happened right under the noses of those regular soldiers based on the Nothe. With their grandstand viewpoint they could watch the non-stop coming and goings of both harbours and the frantic multinational naval activity out in the bay, only reinforcing the idea that something big was on its way.

Soldier on Nothe Parade 1914

Would they be a part of it this time?

Would they be called into action?

For now all the RGA based around the coast were on high alert, primed and ready.

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Another little mentioned fact is the actual timing of the treaty in 1918.

Finally, in November, came the official end of the fierce hostilities that had been decimating the lives of so many around the globe. In a railway carriage tucked away in a forest on the outskirts of Compiegne, France, the German delegation put their signature to the Armistice treaty. The war was over. The iconic phrase that goes hand and hand with Armistice Day,  ‘eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month’ is a time and date that is very much with us still as we annually commemorate those who lost their lives in the Great War. (The treaty was actually signed at 5.10 a.m. that morning, but didn’t come into effect until 11 a.m. giving time for the message to be relayed to those still fighting at the front and to the people back home.)

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2 Remembering Those Who Never Returned Home

 

 

Give a Soldier a Football…History of the British Army and Sport

Sport, especially football, seems to have played a major role in a soldiers life, they took it seriously…and I mean VERY seriously!

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A snippet here taken from The Navy & Army Illustrated of 1899 gives us a taste of a few British army history facts concerning soldiers and sport.

It describes the team of the famous 1st Black Watch.

A regiment that years earlier (1869) had arrived  via troop carrier Orontes into Weymouth harbour, to take up residence at the Nothe Fort. No doubt, while stationed there they challenged a team or two of the local boys.

‘…Our first picture illustrates the crack company football team of the historic Black Watch, while seated on the right of the group-to the left as you look at the picture-is a noted athlete of the same company. This latter is Lance-Corporal Checkey, who holds-and has held since 1896-the Indian Championship for the one mile and the 1,000 yds. Corporal Checkey is a true sportsman, and authorises us on his behalf to state that he is willing to meet any runner in India in a match over either of the distances for which he holds the championship.

LG Crack company 1st Black Watch football team and tug of war army and navy 1899 2

It will be noted that the men of the football team wear on their jerseys the emblem C.42. sticking to the old number of which their regiment is so proud. And no wonder, for is it not the old 42nd Royal Highland Regiment of Foot that is the oldest and most historic Highland corps in the British Army?

Soon after its inception the dark colours of its tartan acquired for the regiment the name of “The Black Watch” in contradistinction to the “Seidar Dearag” or”red soldiers.”

Its 2nd Battalion is the old 73rd Black Watch too, for it was raised as a 2nd Battalion of the 42nd, and at the territorial reorganisation fitly reverted to its original position.’

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Enjoy discovering what life was really like for the Victorian soldier and his family and those civilians who lived in the vicinity of their barracks?

It certainly was a mixed blessing!

Nothe fort and Beyond 261 KB

It’s available to buy at Weymouth Museum and Nothe Fort bookshops.

Or via Amazon

 https://www.amazon.co.uk/Nothe-Fort-Beyond-Weymouth-Portland/dp/1977592686

 

And the Band Played On; History of Music from the British Royal Navy

Someone once asked me why I write posts about the navy when my blog and book were entitled Nothe Fort and Beyond.

 ‘Beyond’ maybe gives a clue because the Victorian fortifications weren’t built as a stand alone defence. They were not only designed to protect our south coast from invasion but to protect the naval fleets that moored within the nearby bases, Portland Roads was one such base.

Like the resident military, when these men of the sea arrived in port their musical services were swiftly snapped up to entertain the local population and tourists alike in the nearby bandstands such as Alexandra gardens shown below and in local theatres.

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I came across this interesting article written in The Navy & Army Illustrated magazine of 1899 and added it here because I thought some might enjoy this snippet of naval history.

MUSIC AFLOAT

Everyone who has served on board ship will testify to the value of a good band, or even of an indifferent one rather than none at all. Sailors appear to have  a natural turn for music; there are few ships in the navy, even of the smaller ones, which are not allowed  band, where some sort of attempt is not made at a “squeegee,”  as described in a former number.

1.4 mb title band of the caledoneon army and navy 1899 1All large vessels are allowed a certain proportion of bandsmen as part of their complement, and flag-ships are very properly accorded a greater number. The pay allowed by the Admiralty instructions is not always liberal enough top secure the services of first-rate me, but a large number of lads are now qualified as band boys in the training ships, and are rated as bandsmen when they attain a certain age, provided they are proficient, and its possible for them to obtain eventually the rank of bandmaster.

Ships’ bands like those of regiments are usually looked after by one or more officers, elected as band president, or band committee; and small sum is subscribed monthly by each member of the ward-room mess to provide music etc., and to supplement the pay of some of the men, and especially of the bandmaster.band of the powerful army and navy 1899In former days-and not so very many years ago-very meagre provision was made by the authorities in this respect, but some ships especially in the Mediterranean, had very “swagger” bands, maintained by the officers at considerable expense. The flag ship in China, thirty years ago, had a band of about forty performers which would have put many a military band in the shade.

Small craft which are not allowed bandsmen, are, however, permitted to carry a “musician” a distinction which appears at first sight somewhat invidious!

The band usually assembles on deck a few minutes before the colours are hoisted in the morning, and plays “God Save the Queen” as they go up, all on deck respectfully uncovering. Some lively airs, marches, etc., are played before and during morning inspection.

In the evening there is always music during dinner, the bandmaster bringing down the programme to the mess president, and being frequently invited down to have  glass of wine after playing “The Queen.”1.1 band of the impregnable frameless army and navy 1899 3The training ship “Impregnable” has, as will be noticed, a very numerous band, chiefly consisting of aspiring young musicians, and the “Caledonia” stationed at Queensferry, in the Firth of Forth, went so far as to organise a small band of youthful pipers, greatly to the delight, no doubt, of the Scotchmen.

Weymouth and Portland of course had its own resident naval training vessel, H.M.S. Boscowen moored in Portland Roads.

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(For further information on these vessels above moored in Portland Roads click on the link below)

http://britishphotohistory.ning.com/photo/photo/show?id=2680769%3APhoto%3A13211

In January of 1892 the Boscowen band was summonsed into action upon the death of H.R.H Prince Albert Victor.

The whole of Portland, Weymouth and Melcombe Regis was in mourning, tradesmen were requested to shut up shop by 2pm on the day of his funeral, many of them having boarded their windows in black.

St Mary’s rang out it’s mournful toll with muffled bells, joined by those of St John’s and Holy Trinity churches.

Every organisation was represented that day, the Army and Navy, Civil Service, Oddfellows, Foresters, Good Templars and Rechabites to name but a few.

The principle contingent was furnished from H.M.S Alexandra and Boscowen, about 250 officers, men and boys representing the Royal Navy, who arrived in launches on the quay shortly after quater-past two, and to the music of the Boscowen band, marched to church.

Not only did their band have the honour of leading in the naval procession but they also played  a major role  in the church service.

Mr H.A Hurdle, A.R.A.M organist of St Mary’s, [presided at the organ with great ability, being assisted by the band of H.M.S Boscowen.

 

 

Nothe Fortifications and the 18th corps Royal Engineers; Military history of Weymouth.

The pre 1850’s Nothe headland was a very different place to the one we know nowadays, but it was still very popular with both locals and the visiting elite.

Joseph Russell Tompkins in an article from the Dorset Year Book of 1923 builds a wonderful early Victorian image of this headland; ‘the Nothe was quite free and open-no fort or seawall, no tree or shrub, except a few patches of furze. a coastguard station was there, the pilots and longshoremen had a Look Out cabin that they had constructed out of an old boat turned bottom up and propped against the overhanging bank, the sides roughly enclosed, and with a seat inside this formed a sort of snuggery when the weather was rough, but in warm summer weather they preferred sitting or lying on the grass.’

© NOTHE FORT AND BEYOND-2

But this was all about to change when the Royal Engineers arrived on scene.

While writing about the story of the Nothe Fort and its accompanying constructions, I have researched the various comings and goings of those regiments who were involved in its design and completion, consequently it led to me compiling many a chart so I could check on their respective time lines as I wrote its story.

A couple of people who have read my book messaged me asking for more information on a particular regiment as they were doing family research, so I thought it might be worthwhile posting a few bits on here for any interested parties.

This one concentrates on the 18th corps Royal Engineers.

The Engineers, or sappers as they were know, have a very long history of design and construction, not only of military sites but also many of our famous public buildings such as the Royal Albert Hall in London and of course, Portland prison as shown below in a lithograph from the 1850’s.

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During the period I was concentrating on for book I, mid to late 19th century, many a sapper arrived in Weymouth and was put to work on the Nothe, Verne Citadel, Portland prison or the breakwaters.

First on scene for these fortification works were the men (and families ) of the 18th corps under command of newly promoted Captain Robert Hawthorn (pictured below) a soldier who managed to looked somewhat wistful in every single photo.

© Nothe Fort and Beyond

The corps and their baggage arrived in Weymouth by train in May of 1859 ‘to be employed here in putting our line of coast in a thorough state of defence and erecting batteries and earthworks on the Nothe.’

Also arriving in Weymouth, in overall command as CRE was Major Charles Butler Peter Hodges Nugent

Charles Butler Hodges Nugent

and Major P B Whittingham.

At that time simple sod batteries were the planned defences, but of course, for a variety of reason, things would soon change.

By September of 1859, local and national papers were reporting on ‘the erection of a chain of strong fortifications on the coast in that locality have made considerable progress in that undertaking, and, notwithstanding the comparatively short time they have been employed there, the men have completed the erection of a strong 3-gun battery which commands the entrance to Weymouth harbour. The Royal Engineers have since commenced the formation of a battery of large dimensions to sweep the entire coast between Weymouth and Portland. This battery when completed will  mount 50 guns, all of which are to be the long range Armstrong cannon.’

Now this might just explain the image below that I have been pondering over for years, it was shown me by Bill Pinder, once the the Nothe Fort archivist. We couldn’t make it out at first because it didn’t fit with the solid construction of a later date, so had assumed it was a bit of poetic license.

But just maybe, going by their clothes,  this dates from the 1850’s era, so could this possibly be an illustration of those early batteries?

© NOTHE FORT AND BEYOND-3

The sappers continued to beaver away on the vastly unstable terrain of the Nothe peninsula, trying to form these earthen batteries, but a fierce storm in October of 1859 put paid to their efforts as the soaked land land slowly slid seaward. Local papers reported ‘the instability of the soil on the Nothe presents serious difficulties to the formation of the batteries in course of construction, the foundations having subsided very considerably during the late wet weather, thus showing little probability of their being able to support the additional weight of the guns.’  

Undeterred, the sappers battled on with their digging, by now ‘a military road is forming from the barracks to the end of the promontory, where a large level circular flat has been carried away for a battery. Trenches have been made and earthworks have been raised in other parts.’

They also uncovered more than a few surprises while doing so on this history rich ridge top!

In May of 1860, the work of the 18th corps was finished.

All that was needed was a sea wall built in an attempt to stabilise and contain the fluid grounds and gun batteries above, this was done by the private construction firm of Jay & Goodchap.

(Not that this lasted much longer either…it too ended up sliding downwards!)

The men of the 18th corps left town under the command of Captain Longley and Lieutenant Peters, the Sherbourne Mercury of 8th May comments ‘During the time they have remained in Weymouth, their conduct has been highly creditable and praiseworthy.”

High praise indeed, especially when you read what some of the other less than ‘praiseworthy’ troops in town had been getting up to!

In September of 1861 Robert Hawthorn married local girl, Amelia Enderby Dow at Weymouth’s Holy Trinity church.

Snip20180331_19But Captain Hawthorn remained in Weymouth until July of 1862 when he was posted back to RE headquarters at Chatham.

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A few more 18th corps RE details gathered from the BMD’s of their short stay in Weymouth, though not complete as some of the registers have gone astray.

CHRISTENINGS

ST MARY’S 

23 Oct 1859; Mary MATHIESON (Born: 25 Jul 1859) daughter of James & Elizabeth Mathieson (Corporal Royal Engineers) (Abode-Weymouth Barracks)

23 Oct 1859; James MATHIESON (Born: 25 Nov 1857) daughter of James & Elizabeth Mathieson (Corporal Royal Engineers) (Abode – Weymouth Barracks)

HOLY TRINITY

August 21 1859; Alice Annie NOBBS; Charles & Louisa of Weymouth; Soldier; Private Royal Engineers

September 18 1859; John Aspey Daniel BELL; Thomas & Kate of Weymouth; Soldier; Sapper Royal Engineers

April 01 1860; James Fraser DUKES; William James & Margaret Ellen of Weymouth; Soldier; Sergeant Royal Engineers

April 01 1860; John Henry DRIVER; James & Sarah Ann of Weymouth; Soldier; Sergeant Royal Engineers

April 01 1860; Frank Frederick BOUCHER; Alfred & Catherine of Weymouth; Soldier; Sapper Royal Engineers

April 05 1860; Clarissa  SMITH; Henry  & Charlotte of Weymouth; Office Keeper; Royal Engineers

April 05 1860; Albert Edward SMITH; Henry  & Charlotte of Weymouth; Office Keeper; Royal Engineers

MARRIAGES

HOLY TRINITY

September 10th 1861 Captain Robert HAWTHORN to Amelia Enderby DOW

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An example of a mid Victorian Sod Battery.

 https://www.blighty-at-war.net/lunette-battery.html

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Find out more about life in Weymouth and Portland with the military in town.

It certainly wasn’t dull!

Nothe Fort and Beyond is available from the Nothe Fort shop and Weymouth Museum.

Nothe fort and Beyond 261 KB

Also available on Amazon at

https://www.amazon.co.uk/Nothe-Fort-Beyond-Weymouth-Portland/dp/1977592686

Military Tarts.

Bev Allen’s Military Tarts. I bet the soldiers on the Nothe would have scoffed these quicker than they could have fired a shell, probably washed down with a quart of ale from the Nothe Tavern. 😁 those down,

https://kentishmaid.wordpress.com/2017/09/13/military-tarts/

WEYMOUTH DURING WWI; BRITISH ARMY HUMOUR 1915

Like most institutions, the army developed their own sense of humour.

During one of my night time rummages through the online auction sites I came across this little cracker from WWI and my finger just inadvertently hit the ‘buy’ button.

It is a tongue in cheek magazine created by those soldiers stationed in the Weymouth & Portland barracks in 1915.

A Christmas number no less.

Straffe Magazine

It is not only full of military humour, but also of fascinating snippets of their actual lives while stationed here.

Straffe Magazine ConcertI’m still working on some of their initialisms!!!

Answers on a postcard please…

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Book 1 is now available in the Nothe Fort shop and Weymouth Museum.

Or on Amazon at £9.99

https://www.amazon.co.uk/Nothe-Fort-Beyond-Weymouth-Portland/dp/1977592686/ref=sr_1_1?ie=UTF8&qid=1510219710&sr=8-1&keywords=nothe+fort+and+beyond

Nothe fort and Beyond 261 KB

1856 1st Devon Militia arrive in Weymouth; Military history in Weymouth.

During the Victorian era, Weymouth & Portland saw the military men come and go, there seemed to be no rhyme and reason as to their movements.

Some stayed  merely weeks, some managed a few months, a couple even wangled a couple of years…but military life was lived pretty much on the move.

Come the summer of 1856 and in marched the men of the 1st Battalion 11th North Devonshire Regiment, though maybe ‘march’ was not quite the right word for their arrival.

Devon Militia uniform 1855

On the 11th June, under the command of Major Rattery the Regiment boarded the steamer Germania in Cork, Ireland, they were Weymouth bound.
Their journey onboard the steamer was not without its many trials and tribulations. Travel aboard a troop ship was extremely unpleasant, from severe overcrowding to the constant threat of disease running through its closely confined passengers.

Of course add to that the natural dangers from being at sea and any adverse weather conditions that came their way.

Such was the case for the Weymouth bound Devon Militia.

‘On passing the Land’s End a dense fog set in, which entirely obscured the shore and just as the ship entered the dangerous passage between the Long Ship’s Light-House and the mainland, the vessel had actually got among the rocks in Jenning’s Cove.

Only a hail from the shore’ gave them the ‘first intimation of danger and at that moment, as if by a direct interposition of Providence, the fog lifted and showed the perilous position in which the ship was placed, in a small bay filled with rocks amongst which the passage was so extremely intricate that the slightest confusion on board must have resulted in the utter destruction of the ship’.
Someone must have been watching over them that day. Not a single soul on board made a sound as two local fishermen and their captain worked together, weaving their tortuous route through the lethal jagged rocks.

Every man woman and child must have held their breath as their vessel slid within inches of a watery fate time and time again.

‘The lives of 600 to 700 persons hung on this fearful moment’.

Finally, they were safely through and heading for the safety of open waters, but with that ‘the thick fog swiftly shrouded them once more. ‘
Old Father Neptune, not content with nearly sinking them then decided to throw in a bit of atrocious weather into the mix.

The Germania finally arrived at Weymouth on the 14th. Her passengers must have thanked their lucky stars to see terra firma on the horizon at last.

It wasn’t going to be that easy though, due to high seas and strong currents, the by now violently rolling vessel couldn’t even enter the harbour.

They managed to get one tender ashore, but that journey had been so treacherous that a decision was made to leave the rest of the regiment and their families on board until the wind had dropped, which wasn’t until the following day.

One journey I bet none of them forgot.

True to form though, the men soon rallied and began unloading their gear from the boat down onto the quayside.

Of course, arrival at any destination needed an announcement befitting their status, so bandsmen gathered their musical equipment together, donned their drums, ready to lead the way up the slope to their new abode.

A rousing rendition of ‘the Old Folks at Home’ was just the tune to raise the spirits.

The troops and their families were heading for the Red Barracks, the Nothe Fort was nothing more than a mere sketch on a parchment of paper at that time.

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While they were stationed at Weymouth the Devon men were presented with their new colours, something that delighted the crowd of enthusiastic spectators.

From the Weymouth Journal 18th July comes a blow by blow account of the  somewhat lengthy proceedings.

‘The presentation of colours to the 1st Devon Militia took place on Tuesday afternoon last. 

“The spot selected for the presentation was most delightful-it being no other than the Nothe. The prospect there-from was most charming and varied.

Weymouth mid 1850's as viewed from the Nothe Weymouth © NOTHE FORT AND BEYOND-2
Weymouth mid 1850’s as viewed from the Nothe Weymouth before the fortifications were built.

The gradual declivity rendered the sight easily to be seen by all. A view of it could also be obtained from the Pier and from the Esplanade. The number of persons gathered together was very great, and amongst them were many of the elite of the town and neighbourhood as well as several of the Officers of the Dorset Militia, attired in regimental dress.

Ferguson Davie Lieut-colonel 1st Devon Militia 1858 67

Shortly before three o’clock the Regiment left the barracks and proceeded to the Nothe, headed by their excellent band, playing in a spirited manner the Parade March ‘Minnie.’

On arriving at the ground the whole of them formed in a  line two deep and then three sides of a square.The small drums were then piled around the large one, the Colours resting on them. The Colours are two in number; they were manufactured by Hawkes & Mosley, of London. The Queen’s Colour is a beautiful one; it is a Union Jack with the words “The First Devon Militia” inscribed in the middle.

Devon Militia colours 1856-1888

The other colour is still more beautiful; encircled by flowers is the Castle of Exeter, under which is the motto “Semper Fidelis,”round both of which are the words “The 1st Devon Militia”.

to proceed however to our task of describing the ceremony

During this interval the crowd was eager to get admission into this square and frequently broke through the lines intended to keep them back. a number of coast-guards men of this station under the command of Captain Lucroft, kept the ground, their services were very much brought into requisition in “arresting” the onward progress of the multitude.

Hugh Earl Fortescue K.G. Colonel 1st Devon Militia

The Right Hon Earl Fortescue KG., and Colonel of the Regiment.

The ceremony of consecrating them was performed and a prayer was offered by the Rev D Cottle.

The Earl of Fortescue then proceeded to inspect the Regiment which now reformed into line; the band during the time playing the National Anthem. The Colours having been saluted by the Battalion, three hearty cheers were given for Her Majesty.

The Ceremony of Trooping the colours next took place, the band playing the British Grenadiers. The escort for the Colours then “stood fast” and the Colours having been carried to the opposite corner of the field by the two junior Lieutenants, Drewe and Halifax, the escort proceeded there, headed by the band performing the Grenadier March.

Major-General F E Drewe Lieut-Col 1st Devon Militia 1856 58

On arriving where the Colours had been placed, the band again played the National Anthem.

The Lieutenants bearing the colours  and the escort then marched past the Regiment, preceded by the band performing the Parade March.

The escort for the Colours having retaken their positions, the whole Regiment formed into four divisions, marched, in review in slow and quick time, past the noble and gallant Colonel, the band being situated just opposite him.

The officers, as they passed, saluted the veteran Colonel, who frequently acknowledged the compliment by waving his cocked hat, with its white plumes of feathers.

The Regiment then formed a line and gave a general salute, the band playing ‘God Save the Queen.’

Having formed into rank and file of four deep, they marched to the barracks, preceded by the band playing a quick march.

‘Such a scene has not lately taken place in the neighbourhood of Weymouth’

The Devonshire Boys

All these wonderful images and much of the information are taken from the book Historical records of the 1st Devon Militia (4th Battalion … Walrond, Henry, 1841-1917. freely available to read on Hathi Trust Digital Library.
https://catalog.hathitrust.org/Record/008592614 and local newspapers of time.

Badges 1st Devon Militia

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Oh to be able to travel back in time and have witnessed these wonderful scenes.

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http://www.open.ac.uk/Arts/cultures-of-brass/military/diary/career.htm

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